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Forex Market: USD/RUB daily trading forecast

Yesterday’s trade saw USD/RUB within the range of 38.199-38.870. The pair closed at 38.328, losing 0.06% on a daily basis.

At 7:14 GMT today USD/RUB was down 0.19% for the day to trade at 38.305. The pair touched a daily high at 38.586 at 6:05 GMT.

Fundamental view

United States

Consumer inflation

The annualized index of consumer prices (CPI) in the United States probably slipped to 1.9% in August from 2.0% in July, according to market expectations. In monthly terms, the CPI probably remained flat last month, following a 0.1% gain in July. The all items index registered its smallest seasonally adjusted increase since February in July, according to the report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The indexes for shelter and food gained, but were partially offset by drops in the energy index and the index for airline fares. The food index increased 0.4% in July, with the food at home index also gaining 0.4% after a flat performance in June. The drop in the energy index was the first since March and came as a result of declines in the indexes of all the major energy components.

The CPI is based on a basket of goods and services bought and used by consumers on a daily basis. In the United States the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) surveys the prices of 80 000 consumer items in order to calculate the index. The latter reflects prices of commonly purchased items by primarily urban households, which represent about 87% of the US population. The Bureau processes price data from 23 000 retail and service businesses.

The CPI includes sales taxes, but excludes income taxes, prices of investments such as stocks and bonds and sales prices of homes.

The annualized Core CPI, which excludes prices of food and energy, probably remained unchanged at 1.9% in August. It is usually reported as a seasonally adjusted figure, because consumer patterns are widely fluctuating in dependance on the time of the year. The Core CPI is a key measure, because this is the gauge, which the Federal Reserve Bank examines in order to adjust its monetary policy. The Fed uses the core CPI, because prices of food, oil and gas are highly volatile and central bank’s tools are slow-acting. In case, for example, prices of gas surge considerably, this could lead to a high rate of inflation, but the central bank will not take action until this increase affects prices of other goods and services.

If the CPI tends to approach or comes in line with the inflation objective, set by the Federal Reserve and considered as providing price stability, or 2%, this will usually support demand for the US dollar. However, quite high rates of inflation (well above central bank’s inflation target) can be harmful to economy and as a result, this may lead to the loss of confidence in the local currency.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics is to release the official CPI report at 12:30 GMT.

Current Account

The deficit on US current account probably widened to 114.6 billion USD during the second quarter of the year, according to the median forecast by experts, from 111.16 billion USD in Q1. If so, this would be the largest deficit figure since Q2 2012.

The current account reflects the difference between a nation’s savings and its investments. It is the sum of the balance of trade, net current transfers (cash transfers) and net income from abroad (earnings from investments made abroad plus money sent by individuals working abroad to their families back home, minus payments made to foreign investors).

A current account surplus indicates that a country’s net foreign assets have increased by the respective amount, while a deficit suggests the opposite. A country with a surplus on its current account is considered as a net lender to the rest of the world, while a current account deficit puts it in the position of a net borrower. A net lender is consuming less than it is producing, which means it is saving and those savings are being invested abroad, or foreign assets are created. A net borrower is consuming more than it is producing, which means that other countries are lending it their savings, or foreign liabilities are created. Therefore, a contracting surplus or a widening deficit on the current account of a nation usually has a bearish effect on its currency.

The Bureau of Economic Analysis is expected to release the official data at 12:30 GMT.

NAHB Housing Market Index

The National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Housing Market Index probably increased to a reading of 56 in September from 55 in August. It is based on a monthly survey in regard to current home sales and expected sales in the coming six months. Values above the key level of 50 indicate that housing market conditions are good. Therefore, higher than projected readings would provide support to the US dollar. The official data is scheduled for release at 14:00 GMT.

Federal Reserve policy decision

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) will probably keep its benchmark interest rate unchanged within the range 0-0.25% for a 45th consecutive meeting. In addition, the FOMC members will probably reduce the pace of monthly asset purchases by another $10 billion to $15 billion, according to the median forecast by experts.

In a speech during the Economic Symposium in Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen introduced the possibility of an interest rate hike earlier than expected, if US labor market conditions continue to improve or the rate of inflation increases at a faster pace.

The minutes of Federal Open Market Committee meeting, conducted in July, revealed that the tightening of monetary policy may occur sooner than anticipated and would give warning on any changes well before interest rates rise. According to extracts from the minutes: ”With respect to monetary policy over the medium run, participants generally agreed that labor market conditions and inflation had moved closer to the Committee’s longer-run objectives in recent months, and most anticipated that progress toward those goals would continue. Moreover, many participants noted that if convergence toward the Committee’s objectives occurred more quickly than expected, it might become appropriate to begin removing monetary policy accommodation sooner than they currently anticipated.”

”In their discussion of monetary policy in the period ahead, members judged that information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in June indicated that economic activity rebounded in the second quarter. Household spending appeared to be rising moderately, and business fixed investment was advancing, while the recovery in the housing sector remained slow.”

Investors and traders keep a close eye on the FOMC’s policy decisions. After each of the eight FOMC meetings, an announcement is made regarding the decision by Fed to increase, decrease or maintain the federal funds rate. The FOMC will announce its official decision on policy at 18:00 GMT. In case the central bank’s policy makers cut the monthly asset purchases, this would certainly bolster demand for the greenback.

At 18:30 GMT Fed Chair Janet Yellen is scheduled to take a statement. In her public statements so far, Yellen demonstrated a more moderate tone, while upholding the view that economic recovery should be supported by an accommodative monetary policy.

Russian Federation


The rate of unemployment in the Russian Federation probably remained unchanged at 4.9% during August, or the lowest rate in over 11 years. The unemployment rate in the country has been falling since February, when it stood at 5.6%. The number of unemployed people was reported at 3.7 million in July, or little changed compared to the 3.69 million, reported in June. In July 2013 there were 4.01 million unemployed people in the federation. The number of people, officially registered as unemployed, was 850 000 in July, or 20 000 less compared to June.

The rate of unemployment represents the percentage of the eligible work force which is unemployed, but is actively seeking employment. It reflects overall economic state in the country, as there is a strong correlation between consumer spending levels and labor market conditions. Low rates of unemployment are accompanied by increased spending, which causes a favorable effect on corporate profits and also leads to overall growth acceleration. Therefore, lower than projected rates of unemployment might support demand for the ruble. The Federal State Statistics Service will release its official report at 12:00 GMT.

Technical view


According to Binary Tribune’s daily analysis, the central pivot point for the pair is at 38.466. In case USD/RUB manages to breach the first resistance level at 38.734, it will probably continue up to test 39.137. In case the second key resistance is broken, the pair will probably attempt to advance to 39.403.

If USD/RUB manages to breach the first key support at 38.061, it will probably continue to slide and test 37.795. With this second key support broken, the movement to the downside will probably continue to 37.390.

The mid-Pivot levels for today are as follows: M1 – 37.593, M2 – 37.928, M3 – 38.264, M4 – 38.599, M5 – 38.935, M6 – 39.270.

In weekly terms, the central pivot point is at 37.541. The three key resistance levels are as follows: R1 – 38.229, R2 – 38.658, R3 – 39.346. The three key support levels are: S1 – 37.112, S2 – 36.424, S3 – 35.995.

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